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History (limited to 10 records for demo)
2021-05-14T09:59:34+00:00{ value: 0 }

useRefHistory

Track the change history of a ref, also provides undo and redo functionality

Usage





 

import { ref } from 'vue' 
import { useRefHistory } from '@vueuse/core'

const counter = ref(0)
const { history, undo, redo } = useRefHistory(counter)

Internally, watch is used to trigger a history point when the ref value is modified. This means that history points are triggered asynchronously batching modifications in the same "tick".

counter.value += 1

await nextTick()
console.log(history.value)
/* [
  { snapshot: 1, timestamp: 1601912898062 }, 
  { snapshot: 0, timestamp: 1601912898061 }
] */

You can use undo to reset the ref value to the last history point.

console.log(counter.value) // 1
undo()
console.log(counter.value) // 0

Objects / arrays

When working with objects or arrays, since changing their attributes does not change the reference, it will not trigger the committing. To track attribute changes, you would need to pass deep: true. It will create clones for each history record.

const state = ref({
  foo: 1,
  bar: 'bar',
})

const { history, undo, redo } = useRefHistory(state, {
  deep: true,
})

state.value.foo = 2

await nextTick()
console.log(history.value)
/* [
  { snapshot: { foo: 2, bar: 'bar' } },
  { snapshot: { foo: 1, bar: 'bar' } }
] */

Custom Clone Function

useRefHistoryonly embeds the minimal clone function x => JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(x)). To use a full featured or custom clone function, you can set up via the dump options.

For example, using lodash's cloneDeep:

import { cloneDeep } from 'lodash-es'
import { useRefHistory } from '@vueuse/core'

const refHistory = useRefHistory(target, { dump: cloneDeep })

Or a more lightweight klona:

import { klona } from 'klona'
import { useRefHistory } from '@vueuse/core'

const refHistory = useRefHistory(target, { dump: klona })

Custom Dump and Parse Function

Instead of using the clone param, you can pass custom functions to control the serialization and parsing. In case you do not need history values to be objects, this can save an extra clone when undoing. It is also useful in case you want to have the snapshots already stringified to be saved to local storage for example.

import { useRefHistory } from '@vueuse/core'

const refHistory = useRefHistory(target, { 
  dump: JSON.stringify,
  parse: JSON.parse
})

History Capacity

We will keep all the history by default (unlimited) until you explicitly clear them up, you can set the maximal amount of history to be kept by capacity options.

const refHistory = useRefHistory(target, {
  capacity: 15, // limit to 15 history records
})

refHistory.clear() // explicitly clear all the history

History Flush Timing

From Vue's documentation: Vue's reactivity system buffers invalidated effects and flush them asynchronously to avoid unnecessary duplicate invocation when there are many state mutations happening in the same "tick".

In the same way as watch, you can modify the flush timing using the flush option.

const refHistory = useRefHistory(target, {
  flush: 'sync' // options 'pre' (default), 'post' and 'sync'
})

The default is 'pre', to align this composable with the default for Vue's watchers. This also helps to avoid common issues, like several history points generated as part of a multi-step update to a ref value that can break invariants of the app state. You can use commit() in case you need to create multiple history points in the same "tick"

const r = ref(0)
const { history, commit } = useRefHistory(r)

r.value = 1
commit()

r.value = 2
commit()

console.log(history.value)
/* [
  { snapshot: 2 },
  { snapshot: 1 },
  { snapshot: 0 },
] */

On the other hand, when using flush 'sync', you can use batch(fn) to generate a single history point for several sync operations

const r = ref({ names: [], version: 1 })
const { history, batch } = useRefHistory(r, { flush: 'sync' })

batch(() => {
  r.names.push('Lena')
  r.version++
})

console.log(history.value)
/* [
  { snapshot: { names: [ 'Lena' ], version: 2 },
  { snapshot: { names: [], version: 1 },
] */

If { flush: 'sync', deep: true } is used, batch is also useful when doing a mutable splice in an array. splice can generate up to three atomic operations that will be pushed to the ref history.

const arr = ref([1,2,3])
const { history, batch } = useRefHistory(r, { deep: true, flush: 'sync' })

batch(() => {
  arr.value.splice(1,1) // batch ensures only one history point is generated
})

Another option is to avoid mutating the original ref value using arr.value = [...arr.value].splice(1,1).

  • useManualRefHistory

Type Declarations

export interface UseRefHistoryOptions<Raw, Serialized = Raw> {
  /**
   * Watch for deep changes, default to false
   *
   * When set to true, it will also create clones for values store in the history
   *
   * @default false
   */
  deep?: boolean
  /**
   * The flush option allows for greater control over the timing of a history point, default to 'pre'
   *
   * Possible values: 'pre', 'post', 'sync'
   * It works in the same way as the flush option in watch and watch effect in vue reactivity
   *
   * @default 'pre'
   */
  flush?: "pre" | "post" | "sync"
  /**
   * Maximum number of history to be kept. Default to unlimited.
   */
  capacity?: number
  /**
   * Clone when taking a snapshot, shortcut for dump: JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(value)).
   * Default to false
   *
   * @default false
   */
  clone?: boolean | CloneFn<Raw>
  /**
   * Serialize data into the history
   */
  dump?: (v: Raw) => Serialized
  /**
   * Deserialize data from the history
   */
  parse?: (v: Serialized) => Raw
}
export interface UseRefHistoryReturn<Raw, Serialized> {
  /**
   * Bypassed tracking ref from the argument
   */
  source: Ref<Raw>
  /**
   * An array of history records for undo, newest comes to first
   */
  history: Ref<UseRefHistoryRecord<Serialized>[]>
  /**
   * Last history point, source can be different if paused
   */
  last: Ref<UseRefHistoryRecord<Serialized>>
  /**
   * Same as 'history'
   */
  undoStack: Ref<UseRefHistoryRecord<Serialized>[]>
  /**
   * Records array for redo
   */
  redoStack: Ref<UseRefHistoryRecord<Serialized>[]>
  /**
   * A ref representing if the tracking is enabled
   */
  isTracking: Ref<boolean>
  /**
   * A ref representing if undo is possible (non empty undoStack)
   */
  canUndo: Ref<boolean>
  /**
   * A ref representing if redo is possible (non empty redoStack)
   */
  canRedo: Ref<boolean>
  /**
   * Undo changes
   */
  undo(): void
  /**
   * Redo changes
   */
  redo(): void
  /**
   * Clear all the history
   */
  clear(): void
  /**
   * Pause change tracking
   */
  pause(): void
  /**
   * Resume change tracking
   *
   * @param [commit] if true, a history record will be create after resuming
   */
  resume(commit?: boolean): void
  /**
   * Create new a new history record
   */
  commit(): void
  /**
   * Reset ref's value with lastest history
   */
  reset(): void
  /**
   * A sugar for auto pause and auto resuming within a function scope
   *
   * @param fn
   */
  batch(fn: (cancel: Fn) => void): void
  /**
   * Clear the data and stop the watch
   */
  dispose(): void
}
/**
 * Track the change history of a ref, also provides undo and redo functionality.
 *
 * @see /useRefHistory
 * @param source
 * @param options
 */
export declare function useRefHistory<Raw, Serialized = Raw>(
  source: Ref<Raw>,
  options?: UseRefHistoryOptions<Raw, Serialized>
): UseRefHistoryReturn<Raw, Serialized>

Source

SourceDemoDocs